Similarly, the vast majority of students with hearing, vision, or speech disabilities are IDEA-eligible, and one way of meeting a school's Section 504 FAPE requirements is to comply with the IDEA FAPE requirements.
To address the Section 504 FAPE requirements would therefore not provide additional guidance to public schools in the most common situations.
This new provision was aimed at children from birth through age 2 with developmental delays or disabilities. Department of Education Office for Civil Rights Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services Frequently Asked Questions on Effective Communication for Students with Hearing, Vision, or Speech Disabilities in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools Students with disabilities, like all students, must have the opportunity to fully participate in our public schools.
These components include: Public Law 99-457 (1986 Amendments to PL 94-142 PL 99-457 created the Handicapped Infants and Toddlers Program.
Title II applies to all programs, activities, and services of public school districts, including all public schools within school districts. Both DOJ and the Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in the United States Department of Education (ED) have responsibility for enforcing Title II and its regulations in public elementary and secondary education; this includes enforcing the Title II rights of IDEA-eligible students.
This includes all public charter schools and magnet schools. Section 504 prohibits disability discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities by recipients of Federal financial assistance.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is responsible for implementing interpretive regulations for Title II, which are found in the Code of Federal Regulations (C. Under Section 504, as under Title II, a disability is (1) a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits a major life activity; (2) a record of such an impairment; or (3) being regarded as having such an impairment. OCR enforces Section 504 and its regulations in public elementary and secondary schools; this includes enforcing the Section 504 rights of IDEA-eligible students.
Public school students with disabilities are covered by Section 504 regardless of their eligibility for special education and related services under the IDEA. In the remainder of this document, Section 504 is not separately discussed.
States receiving IDEA funds must ensure that school districts locate, identify, and evaluate children who are suspected of having disabilities and who need special education and related services.
While the IDEA requires that schools make available a free appropriate public education (FAPE), consisting of special education and related services, to all eligible children with disabilities (including those with communication needs), the Title II regulations have a specific effective communication requirement for individuals with disabilities.
As a recent Federal court decision highlighted, the Title II requirement for effective communication differs from the IDEA requirements on this point.
Nonetheless, because the statutes vary in certain respects, they are each addressed separately.
Title II prohibits disability discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities by all state and local governments, regardless of whether or not those entities receive Federal funds. These regulations require, among other things, that public schools provide students with disabilities an equal opportunity to participate in all school activities and that public schools ensure, through the provision of auxiliary aids and services, that communication with students with disabilities is as effective as communication with students without disabilities.