About 890 , Ohthere of Norway, “desirous to try how far that country extended north,” sailed round the North Cape, along the coast of Lapland to the White Sea.
But most Norsemen sailing in high latitudes explored not eastward but westward.
Strong among them are the satisfaction of curiosity, the pursuit of trade, the spread of religion, and the desire for security and political power.
At different times and in different places, different motives are dominant.
Sometimes one motive inspires the promoters of discovery, and another motive may inspire the individuals who carry out the search.
For a discussion of the society that engaged in these explorations, and their effects on intra-European affairs, geographical exploration are continuous and, being entwined one with another, are difficult to separate.
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The first phase is the exploration of the Old World centred on the Mediterranean Sea, the second is the so-called Age of Discovery, during which, in the search for sea routes to Cathay (the name by which China was known to medieval Europe), a New World was found, and the third is the establishment of the political, social, and commercial relationships of the New World to the Old and the elucidation of the major physical features of the continental interiors—in short, the delineation of the modern world.with 60 ships and 30,000 colonists “to found cities.” Even allowing for a possible great exaggeration of numbers, this expedition, if it occurred, can hardly have been the first exploratory voyage along the coast of West Africa; indeed, Herodotus reports that Phoenicians circumnavigated the continent about 600 .Some scholars think that Hanno reached only the desert edge south of the Atlas; other scholars identify the “deep river infested with crocodiles and hippopotamuses” with the Sénégal River; and still others believe that the island where men “scampered up steep rocks and pelted us with stones” was an island off the coast of Sierra Leone.A woman who threatened to pull her suitors' teeth out, trick them into thinking she's pregnant and give them a mermaid tattoo on a fake online dating profile still got inundated with messages from men wanting to sleep with her fabricated persona.The Los Angeles-based writer created the fake OKCupid profile, 'aaroncarterfan,' using a picture of her best friend who is a model, 'hoping to prove that there exists an online dating profile so loathsome that no man would message it,' despite how attractive the picture is.Stories survive of a few men who are credited with bringing new knowledge from distant journeys.Herodotus tells of five young adventurers of the tribe of the Nasamones living on the desert edge of Cyrenaica in North Africa, who journeyed southwest for many months across the desert, reaching a great river flowing from west to east; this presumably was the Niger, although Herodotus thought it to be the Upper Nile.The saga of Erik the Red (Leif, Erik’s son, together with some 30 others, set out in 1001 to explore.They probably reached the coasts of Labrador and Newfoundland; some think that the farthest point south reached by the settlers, as described in the sagas, fits best with Maryland or Virginia, but others contend that the lands about the Gulf of St. The area was named Vinland, as grapes grew there, but it has been suggested that the “grapes” referred to were in fact cranberries.Neither the Swedes nor the Danes traveling in these regions were exploring lands that were unknown to civilized Europeans, but it is doubtless that contact with them brought to these Europeans new knowledge of the distant northern lands.It was the Norsemen of Norway who were the true explorers, though, since little of their exploits was known to contemporaries and that little soon forgotten, they perhaps added less to the common store of Europe’s knowledge than their less adventurous compatriots.