A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours.
Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and Northwestern Africa.
Peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock.
Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament.
In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956.
He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the Constitutional court.Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara as its Southern Provinces.Morocco annexed the territory in 1975, leading to a guerrilla war with indigenous forces until a cease-fire in 1991.Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation.The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631.The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs.Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors.The Iberomaurusian was succeeded by the Beaker culture in Morocco.Mitochondrial DNA studies have discovered a close link between Berbers and the Saami of Scandinavia.Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber.With Berber being the native language of Morocco before Arab colonisation.